Al-Muwatta of Imam Muhammad - Hadith Book [HB]
The Muwatta of Imam Muhammad By Imam Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani Translated by Mohammed Abdurrahman & Abdus Samad Clarke The unqualified truth is that all of the Muwatta is sahih without any exception! â€”Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani This quote from one of the greatest authorities on hadith of all time is sufficient recommendation. The version of the Muwatta narrated by Imam Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani, one of the two leading pupils of Imam Abu Hanifah, directly from his three years of study with Imam Malik will be of particular interest not only to students of Hanafi fiqh, but also to students of hadith in general. Imam Malik composed the Muwattaâ€™ over a period of forty years to represent the â€œwell-trodden pathâ€ of the people of Madina. Its name also means that it is the book that is â€œmany times agreed uponâ€â€” about whose contents the people of Madina were unanimously agreedâ€”and that is â€œmade easy and facilitatedâ€. Its high standing is such that people of every school of fiqh and all of the imams of hadith scholarship agree upon its authenticity. Imam Shafiâ€™i said, â€œThere is not on the face of the earthâ€”after the Book of Allahâ€”a book which is more sahih than the book of Malik.â€ Shah Wali Allah Dihlawi (1114-1176 AH) said, â€œMy breast expanded and I became certain that the Muwattaâ€™ is the most sahih book to be found on the earth after the Book of Allah.â€ Imam Malik Imam Malik is the imam of the imams, the leader of the people of knowledge of Madinah, Malik ibn Anas ibn Malik ibn Abi â€˜Amir al-Asbahi al-Madani, born in 94 AH, 95 AH or even 99 AH. He was called the Man of Knowledge of Madina. People of knowledge understood that it was him the Prophet saw indicated in the hadith from Abu Hurayra, â€œPeople will soon beat the livers of their camels [in travelling in search of knowledge] but they will not find a man of knowledge more knowledgeable than the man of knowledge of Madina.â€ Among his pupils were the Imams Sufyan ath-Thawri, Saâ€™id ibn Mansur, â€˜Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak, â€˜Abd ar-Rahman al-Awzaâ€™i who was older than him, Layth ibn Saâ€™d who was one of his peers, Imam ash-Shafiâ€™i, Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani, the Malikis â€˜Abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Qasim, Yahya ibn Yahya al-Laythi, Ibn Wahb, and Dhuâ€™n-Nun al-Misri. He died in 179 AH on the morning of the 14th of Rabiâ€™ al-Awwal. Imam Muhammad al-Shaybani He is Abu â€˜Abdullah Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn Farqad al-Shaybani. Muhammad was born in Wasit in 132 AH, and grew up in Kufa. He was a pupil of Abu Hanifah. Imam Shafiâ€™i said, â€œI have not seen anyone more eloquent than him. I used to think when I saw him reciting the Qurâ€™an that it was as if the Qurâ€™an had been revealed in his language.â€ He also said, â€œI have not seen anyone more itelligent than Muhammad ibn al-Hasan.â€ Dhahabi said, â€œHe narrated from Malik ibn Anas and others, and he was one of the great oceans of knowledge and fiqh, and he was strong [when he narrated] from Malik.â€ Muhammad said, â€œI stood at Malikâ€™s door for three years and I heard [the Muwattaâ€™] from him [with] more than seven hundred hadith.â€ He died in Rayy in 189 AH. Editors: Mufti Zubair Ismail Bayat and Uthman Ibrahim Morrision. Rijal edited by Shaykh Sulayman Gani
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