The Qur'an is not only a book of law, but also contains historical facts and is replete with names of certain nations, places and persons. Can these names be placed in the context of the present natural geography? Have they undergone any changes? Natural calamities and the human factor mean that historical changes do not keep anything constant, especially when one is referring to a subject which existed thousands of years ago. This work, first published 1936 and based on an earlier work by Sayyid Sulaiman Nadwi, aims to give a basic understanding of the places and peoples mentioned in the Qur'an.